Understanding Hair Loss
Hair loss or alopecia is a decrease in the amount of hair on the scalp. Most people have experienced hair loss. It is normal to lose 100 hairs per day. But if it’s excessive, sometimes there are medical reasons that cause loss.
The pattern of hair loss due to hormones is known as the medical term as androgenic alopecia. This loss usually occurs in men aged over 50 years, or in women after menopause.
The hormone that is thought to play a role in the hair loss process is dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This hormone is produced by the hormone progesterone. DHT will cause hair follicles to shrink so that over time the hair will fall out.
In men, the pattern of hair loss due to this hormone is typical, which forms a distinctive arch on both sides of the temple. Over time, the hairline will be shaped like the letter “M”. In addition to the temples, the top of the head will also experience hair loss, resulting in total hair loss.
Different forms of hair loss will occur in women. Hormone caused by hormones in women will occur in all parts of the hair, not concentrated in certain areas. Hair loss in women also rarely causes thinning of hair in certain parts.
Hair Loss For Other Reasons
Apart from hormonal changes, hair loss can also occur due to certain conditions, such as:
- Effect of nutrition. Poor nutritional intake can cause strands of hair to grow to become thinner and more fragile.
- Chemicals. Hair that is too often undergoing chemical processes in salons is also more susceptible to loss. Often coloring your hair and straightening it permanently makes the hair shaft more vulnerable to breaking.
- Diabetes, Down syndrome, and hyperthyroidism. These three conditions can cause hair loss called alopecia areata which is characterized by large coin-sized pitak. This loss usually occurs in adolescents and young adults. However, most sufferers will grow back after one year.
- Side effects of drugs. Hair loss can also be caused by drugs commonly used to treat arthritis, depression, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
- Psychological pressure. Psychological pressure (eg stress) can result in sufferers experiencing thinning hair on the head. But this loss is usually only temporary.
- Certain skin and autoimmune diseases. Skin diseases that cause the formation of ulcers and a number of autoimmune diseases can cause permanent loss. Examples of such conditions include lichen planus, sarcoidosis, and discoid lupus erythematosus (discoid lupus erythematosus / DLE).
- Cancer Treatment. Chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiotherapy can cause a type of hair loss called anagen efluvium (total loss). This loss can also affect the scalp, face, and body. But most of these cases are not permanent. Hair can usually grow back after several months of stopping chemotherapy.
Hair Loss Treatment
Hair loss is generally part of the body’s natural reaction due to aging, so it does not endanger your health. Therefore, this disorder rarely requires medical treatment. But if hair loss reaches an alarming level, the following treatment steps can be taken.
Male baldness can be treated with two types of drugs, namely finasteride and minoxidil. While female baldness is treated with Minoxidil.
The purpose of this treatment is usually for aesthetic reasons. The effectiveness of this treatment only lasts when the patient uses drugs. In addition to drugs, hair transplant surgery can also be done.